Iron/ Steel fabrication work in India




                             The Fabrication Advance

I recently encountered the faudulent practice of metal fabricator in Pune .My relative was overseeing all contract work for my home and tried to fix up iron work with a fabricator called Mr Bhadke who had come to our place with a reference from society electrician. He when asked to quote for a work told us  a lump sum. This was Rs 16000/= for a grill outside a kitchen balcony and safety door outside the other balcony. Once we  agreed on scope of work and gave him the design. He  asked for material purchase advance. Normally the cost of material is the bulk cost of article to be made for home viz. security door, window grills etc. We gave him an advance  to buy  Rs 8000/= worth.








The Cheating

 He began the work and completed the grill work for kitchen. When we asked him for thesecurity door he sheepishly said that it was being fabricated at his workshop. When we questioned him more about the gate he started avoiding us. After 3 reminders he stopped taking our calls. When we confronted and tracked him down, he said the entire money was consumed in the kitchen grill and he would do no more work.  This was outrageous and brough us to question what was the value of work done by him ? We tried to weigh the grill he had made and found it weighed not more than 70kgs. Going by the most expensive fabrication rate of Rs 60/kg of finished Iron work it was not worth more than Ts 70*6o = Rs 4200/=  . he shamelessly duped us of Rs 3800/= . This brought me to the fore of this problem of how to deal with the Iron fabricators.

The Thumb  Economics of Fabrication

About 2 yrs back when i was looking after a Product Dev company in Noida we had found that the running rate of all Iron woerks including ,raw material, cutting, welding, grinding, primer and spray painted finished goods was Rs45/kg. The cost of iron then was Rs 35/kg. roughly 30% was the cost of job work on the total cost of material.  Now the cost of Iron is approx 45-50/ Kg ( Mild steel) and this is how I negotiated with a new fabricator who offered to make safety door for me.

Wrestling the Iron Fabricator

  1. When he came to me I asked how he would do it. He said for the fully finished door he will charge Rs 6500/= . THis was Rs 1500/= more than what my friend had paid for a similar door 2 months back.
  2. My question to him was how much will be the weight of the door. He was hesitant to tell. But on persisting, he said 70 kg.
  3. Going by his quote he was trying to sell Iron finished work @ Rs 92.85/kg.
  4. I asked him what was thwe runnning rate of Iron raw material . He said Rs 47/=// This he tried to cover up buy quoting highest rate.. The actual rate is Rs 42/kg.
  5. The figures showed that he was trying to get 100 % billing on the cost of material .This was heavily unjustified.
  6. I told him , I had got work worth Rs 2,00,000 on wood and ply at 30% of RM cost. THis wood work was of very high quality and involved greater skill than metal. He said he would do the wood work @ 22%. Now I was seeing that he was coming to real wages term.
  7. Since he agreed on labor charges if material was bought by us I cajoled him to quote the metal fabrication labor charges as % of raw material.
  8. He quickly changed stance and said , it will be 35 % of total RM cost.
  9. A quick argument and rational basis had brought this fabricator to agree to cut down labor charges from 100% to meager 35 %.
  10. I tried to bring him down to a standar 30 % but he held on to relatively handsome margin of 35 %.

The Wisdom in dealing with Fabrication works

This incident brings me to following findings :

  • Never ever buy a finished Iron good without checking its weight.
  • The processing cost varies between 20% for just ok work to 35 % for very complicated work having highest degree of finish.
  • The cost of iron work is between Rs 55 to Rs 65/kg if the mild steel rates are between Rs 42 -47/kg 
  • Never ever release more money to a fabricator than the value he is delivering to you.
  • As far as possible inspect the factory / workshop before you finally place the order.
  • Before placing the order work out an agreement on benchmarking the  thickness of metal used, quality of paint, quality of weld seams and grinding quality. Keep samples to compare the finished product.
  • Be very articulate in releasing money to fabricators. Keep at least 20 % in hold for final performance check.
  • While the fabricator will try to eliminate all his risk by taking huge advances , for the work . He takes possession of all raw material etc. Its the buyer who foots maximum risk of fabricator not delivering at all to doing partial delivery.
  • The art of negotiation and general rule is : See who stands to gain/profit in the deal. She should be the one who takes the risk. As a customer you will only conceed profit , so you should bear minimum risk if at all. 

8 thoughts on “Iron/ Steel fabrication work in India

  1. Presently I am getting done fabrication truss normal. The height is 15 from GL. Ms rate presently is 33 Rs/Kg. 1)What should be the fabrication and erection of truss per kg. Qty around 3.8 t. What is dismeneteling and fitting of AC SHEET. PLEASE INFORM


  2. How can a fabricator do fabrication on 35% of material cost..can any body tell me why the rate of flour is rs. 25 perkg..when the raw gehun is rs. 15 per kg…..if any fabricator has to do a quality work then I think minimum 100% of material cost will be the minimum..otherwise he can not survibe..




  3. for only. one door if the fabricator come and he measure, and spend a time is also charged actually. in this era of influence nothing will be come in that 20% margin. the labor includes consumables thats touches 7-8% and 2% of electicity. and oh errecting at your site more 2%. then finally he got near about 8% of profit. in this work of 4000 Rs. atleast 320/- rupyepe uska hak banta hai. am i right ? VOLUME OF WORK IS MORE IMPORTANT TO DECREASE THE RATE OF %.


  4. dear sir,
    i am also a fabricater from mumbai if this has happened to you than i am very sorry for the thing that has happened there are many people in this field who will take up your money and will not return back we are sometimes given the same work so we first enquire about the party or owner is he honest man,will our work be not paid all such if any time there is any fabrication work in mumbai or outside mumbai we are there the name of the shop is VIJAY GRILL WORKS &FABRICATORS CONTACT NO IS 9969488086


  5. The services in Pune are becoming almost 3 timess that of a normal Indian town. In fact for services the city has become unreasonable. Its more expensive than average Mumbai suburb to get work done here


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